What is "hardware"?
hardware, as the name suggests, refers to five metals. The term "hardware" first appeared in "Wuyue Chunqiu" 4th "Helv Internal Biography": "Chen Wenyue King often asked Ou Yezi to make five swords,...a Zhanlu, the Englishman of hardware, the essence of the sun." Press "Hanshu" "Gold, Knife, Turtle, Shell" note in "Shihuo Zhi": "Gold is the five-color gold, yellow is gold, white is silver, red is copper, green is lead, and black is iron. "Modern Chinese Dictionary" explains: hardware refers to gold, silver, copper, iron, tin, and generally refers to metal. Nowadays, hardware is commonly referred to as metal, copper and iron products.
The further application of metal has played an important role in the development of human civilization and social history. Metal products appear in every corner of economic life, political life and military activities. For example, Yongkang, Zhejiang, has been known as the "Hometown of Hundred Workers" since ancient times, and the hardware handicraft industry has a long history. Since the Southern Song Dynasty, there have been Yongkang coppersmiths and blacksmiths who went to the north and south to make a living. There has long been a saying in history that "hardware craftsmen go everywhere, and counties do not leave Kang".
History has entered the modern industrial society, and the metal-hardware industry has developed rapidly. The hardware industry has played an inestimable role in the development of the national economy. Hardware products have also become an indispensable industrial link in industrial manufacturing.
Two, small hardware
Traditional hardware products, also called "small hardware". Refers to various metal devices manufactured by forging, rolling, cutting, and other physical processing of metals such as iron, steel, and aluminum. Such as hardware tools, hardware parts, daily-use hardware, construction hardware, and security supplies. Most small hardware products are not final consumer goods. Rather, they are used as industrial manufacturing supporting products, semi-finished products, and tools used in the production process. Only a small part of daily-use hardware products are consumer tools necessary for people's lives.
In the national economic industry classification of the National Bureau of Statistics, manufacturing is the third largest industry. Including: production and manufacturing of means of living, such as: agricultural and sideline products, food and beverage, tobacco, textiles, clothing, leather, wood furniture, printing and sports products, and pharmaceutical manufacturing; manufacturing of production materials, such as: petrochemicals, chemical fibers, rubber and plastics , Non-metallic product manufacturing, metal smelting and processing, metal product manufacturing, general equipment manufacturing, industry-specific equipment manufacturing, and transportation equipment manufacturing, electrical equipment, communications electronics, etc.
And related products in the classification of metal products in the manufacturing industry and general-purpose parts and components in the manufacturing of general equipment constitute "small hardware" in the usual sense. It can be seen that "small hardware" is not an existing industry category, but a cross combination of the above-mentioned metal products-hardware products. In the entire manufacturing industry, the responsibility of ‘small hardware’ is to provide manufacturing enterprises with parts and production tools, rather than as final-use industry-specific equipment. Nevertheless, we cannot deny the important role of "small hardware" in the social production process: "small hardware" and manufacturing are an inseparable whole intertwined with each other.
Technology, metal, work, industry, hardware